Evgeny A. Dmitriev1,*, Turar A. Elibaev2,**, Alexey I. Kukushkin1,***
1Saryarka Archaeological Institute at E.A. Buketov Karaganda State University, Karaganda, Kazakhstan
2Tadeusz Kosciuszko Krakow Polytechnic University, Krakow, Poland
*E-mail: yevgenii1992@mail.ru
**E-mail: turar_1994@mail.ru
***E-mail: tatarlandia@mail.ru

 Keywords: the Bronze Age, the Fedorovo culture, biritual complex, cremation, inhumation.

Among the mass of the Bronze Age burials in the Eurasian steppes there is an outstanding small group of biritual burials which have been noted among carriers of several cultures. In this article, the authors consider only Fedorovo burials. 17 burials are known to date located in almost all areas of the culture (intermountain depressions along the Middle Yenisei, the Upper Ob region, Baraba and Kulunda forest-steppe, the Pavlodar Irtysh region and Central Kazakhstan). As additional information, the study uses materials from the Kyzylbulak I burial ground, which is somewhat different from the “classical” Fedorovo. The burial of the Marinka cemetery in the Upper Irtysh was not considered. The authors believe that its materials apparently reflect the process of interaction between the Petrovka and Fedorovo groups of the population. The study of the biritual complexes allowed concluding that these burials are graves of members of different tribal groups and are inherently comparable to similar paired but mono-ritual burial complexes and should be interpreted accordingly based on the existing knowledge on the Fedorovo culture.