Жульников_ТарасовAleksandr M. Zhulnikov1,*, Alexey Yu. Tarasov2,**

1Petrozavodsk State University, Petrozavodsk, Russia
2Karelian Research Centre RAS, Petrozavodsk, Russia

*E-mail: rockart@yandex.ru
**E-mail: taleksej@drevlanka.ru

Keywords: Onega littoral, asbestos-ceramic, workshop site, Eneolithic, prestigious exchange.

The article presents the results of studying the chronology of the Eneolithic asbestos-ceramic of the geometric style (Voynavolok type) and the factors that caused the widespread use of asbestos in exchange and ceramic production in North-Eastern Europe. According to AMS dates, the Voynavolok pottery dates back from 3500–3300 BC, and according to the dating of coal from the dwelling structures – from 3300–3100 BC. The main component in the formation of ceramic traditions of the Voynavolok type is the rhombic pit pottery of the Onega Lake region. The data obtained in the study suggest that the “trigger” for the emergence of geometric style asbestos-ceramic was the formation of a new social community in the Onega littoral region consisting of groups that interacted in the production of items intended for prestigious exchange.