Larisa A. Golofast1,*, Petr V. Fedotov2,**

1Institute of Archaeology RAS, Moscow, Russia
2State Museum of the History of Religion, St. Petersburg, Russia


Keywords: archaeology of the Holy Land, Russian property in Palestine, archaeological photography, pottery of the Byzantine and Umayyad periods.

The study analyzes the origin, the author (monk Timon), and the shooting date (probably, 1888–1892) of two well-known photographs depicting objects of metal, ceramics, and stone found in Jericho at the Joasaph (?) site (now the Russian Museum and Park Complex) in the 1880s. This identification made it possible to compare the items in the photographs with the collection obtained from the same site by the Russian-Palestinian expedition of the Institute of Archaeology RAS in the 2010s. Thus, the collection, especially in terms of bronze items of the 5th–7th centuries, was replenished significantly. It was also possible to identify most of the pottery items, including them in the typological groups developed by modern research for the technological and morphological characterization of pottery. This, in turn, lead to the conclusion that the collection was obtained exactly from the Joasaph site, where excavations revealed an area of pottery production. It includes kilns that operated successively and production facilities of other types (sedimentation tanks, water tanks, etc.).

DOI: 10.31857/S086960630014295-3